Beijing Transportation

Located in North China, Beijing borders the Tianjin Municipality to the southeast and is surrounded by the Hebei Province. As the immense country’s capital city and China’s political and cultural center, Beijing is the most important transportation hub in China. It has developed a sophisticated transportation network of express routes, railways, highways, and an international airport.


  • Flights: Beijing Capital International Airport (IATA: PEK) is the premier airport in Beijing. It is the largest airport in Asia, with more than 200 domestic and international air routes that connect Beijing to most cities in China and major cities throughout the world. In addition, it is the busiest airport in Asia and the second busiest airport in the world after Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. In 2010 alone, the Beijing Capital International Airport served more than 70 million passengers.
  • Railway: As the transportation hub of China, Beijing has rail lines that connect the capital city to most cities and destinations in China. There are international trains too, between Beijing and Moscow in Russia, Ulan Bator in Mongolia, Pyongyang in North Korea, and Hanoi in Vietnam. With so many operating routes, Beijing has many railway stations. The 4 main stations are Beijing Railway Station, Beijing South Railway Station, Beijing North Railway Station, and Beijing West Railway Station.
  • Highways: Beijing is connected by a highly sophisticated network of expressways and highways heading to all directions of the country. There are long-distance buses that go as far as Harbin, Xi’an, and Shanghai, and there are also buses to nearby cities and suburbs. The capital city is served by about 20 bus stations. The following is a list of the major stations and their destinations.
  • Waterway: Beijing is an inland city. For international cruises, passengers need to go to Tianjin City, which is 140 kilometers or about 40 minutes by bullet train from Beijing. While within the metropolis itself, visitors can travel around certain attractions and destinations by water, offering a unique perspective of sightseeing. The tourism boats are usually available from April to October. The following is a list of such boats available in Beijing’s city parks.
  • City Transportation: Beijing has a convenient and cheap public bus system that covers the entire city and to suburban areas. Bus lines are numbered from 1-999, and you can tell the bus routes from their line numbers. Buses numbered from 1 to 300 usually run in the city center, buses numbered 300 or higher serve between the city center and outer rings of the city, while buses numbered in the 900s are usually between the city area and rural districts such as Shunyi and Changping.