History of Jiayuguan
The Jiayuguan Pass takes its name for producing jewel and also named as Biyu Mountain in ancient times. Its history record can trace back to 1372 in the Ming Dynasty and enjoys a history of more than 600 years. Built at the narrowest point of Hexi Corridor, it was not only of great strategic importance but also a necessary pass to the west along the ancient Silk Road. The pass is the western end of Ming Great Wall and recently the best-preserved pass among over 1000 passes along the Great Wall of Ming dynasty, known as the first pass in Hexi and the greatest pass under the heaven.
Location of Jiayuguan
The Jiayuguan Pass was composed of Neicheng, the inner city, Waicheng, outer city as well as the moats, also created as a completed defending system in the ancient military as the Great Wall. The present pass we see now is mainly made of the inner cities damped by loess, with hard brick surrounding them. The wall connecting the start and the end points is passing through the desert, where a sense of isolated from the wall thus left.
Features of Jiayuguan
Besides jewel, it is also famous for producing stonework and camel hair painting, and very abundant in tourist resources. As a pass built the Great Wall, it is also an ideal place to hold various activities including gliding and mountain climbing. Now it is the second largest skidding base in the world. Besides, the famous petrograms in Heishan Mountain, Fresco Tombs of Wei and Jin Dynasty as well as the glacier has also draw eyes of tourist over the world.
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