Dimensions of Juyongguan Great Wall
Juyongguan Great Wall (Juyongguan Pass) is one of the three greatest passes of great wall in china, 50 kilometers away from Beijing urban city. It is a key pass of the Great Wall along with Jiayuguan Pass and Shanhaiguan Pass. But it tops the three passes for its strategic importance in the ancient wars and is known as “the greatest pass under heaven”.
History of Juyongguan Great Wall
Juyongguan Pass is famous for its steepness. As early as in the age of Warring States, the Yan State had taken the Juyongguan Pass under his control and named it as “Juyongsai”.
Till in Han dynasty, it began to take shape and in the following times there were wall built in Juyong. The present Juyong Great wall was built in the Ming Dynasty around in 1368 for developing the role in military defense. Except building pass gates for land and water, 6 protective tiers and 18 beacons were set in the important places, thus a set of defense system was built.
Features of Juyongguan Great Wall
Apart from its importance in the ancient military, the Juyongguan Pass is also well known for its pleasant landscape. As early as 800 years ago, it had been listed in the top eight sceneries in Yanjing Country. Juyongguan Yuntai, kind of Buddhist architecture of the Yuan dynasty, is a good example of the architecture art in the Yuan dynasty and has been known for its skillful carving and design. With white marble as its basic material, it now becomes the most valuable historical relic left in Juyongguan Pass.
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