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The Maritime Silk Road

History of the Maritime Silk Road

The Maritime Silk Road is a navigation route for trading and cultural communication in ancient time, with the Nanhai Sea as the center, beginning with Gangzhou, Quanzhou and Xuwen, so it is also called "the Silk Road on the Nanhai Sea", it forms in Qin and Han Dynasty, develops in the Three Kingdoms time and Sui Dynasty, prospers in Tang and Song Dynasties, and transforms in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, known as the oldest navigation route. Porcelains are the main commodities exported to Western Region and spices are the main things imported from Western Region, so people were used to call it: “the Maritime Porcelain Routine” and “the Maritime Spice Routine”. In Tang Dynasty, people shipped with silk, Porcelains and tea to European and African countries, and in turn, they shipped back with woolen textile products and ivories. When Zhenghe, a great navigator, visited Western Region, the Maritime Silk Routine was at its peak.

The Maritime Silk Road
The Maritime Silk Road

Now there are many documents proving that Guangzhou is the originating point of the Maritime Silk Road, and over 20 relics about the Maritime Silk Road can be found in Guangzhou city, including Nanhai Temple, Guangxiao Temple, Hualin Temple and Lotus Tower. And Quanzhou is another important city along the Maritime Silk Routine, known as "Lu Zou Waterfront"'. Here rich historical and cultural heritage, historical sites spread all over, heritage treasures have attracted worldwide attention. Quanzhou, an ancient "Oriental first port", "Marine Silk Road " another starting point, specialty Youde of porcelain, stone Huian, and puppet head, Qingyuan tea, Anxi oolong tea, Yongchun paper texture painting can be found here.

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