- Travel Guide
- - Ancient City Wall
- - Banpo Museum
- - Big Wild Goose Pagoda
- - Chinese Herb Market
- - Daming Palace National Heritage Park
- - Famen Temple
- - Gao Grand Courtyard
- - Guanzhong Folk Art Museum
- - Huaqing Palace Heritage Site
- - Huashan Mountain
- - Hui Minority Street
- - Shaanxi History Museum
- - Shuyuanmen Ancient Culture Street
- - Straw Hut Temple
- - Tang Lotus Park
- - Terracotta Army
- - The Great Mosques
- - Xian Bell Tower
- - Xian Drum Tower
- - Xian Forest Steles Museum
- - Yang Mausoleum of the Han Dynasty
The Terracotta Army is the Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses of the First Emperor of China called Qin Shi Huang. Dating from 210 BCE, the terracotta figures were discovered in 1974 by some local farmers near Xi'an, Shaanxi province. The Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses are the most significant archeological excavations of the 20th century.
Terracotta Army is the pit buried with Qin Shihuang Tomb. It is known as “the Eighth Wonders of the world”. In 1987, it was put on the world cultural heritage list by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and now it is chosen as State 5A –class Scenic Spot.
Terracotta Army figures are 1.75 meters to 1.85 meters in height. According to costumes, expressions and hairstyles, they are divided into General figures, Warrior figures and Vehicle figures, etc. The Terracotta Army figures have powerful style. Their figures are beautiful, strong and polished, and they have totally different face shapes, hairstyles, postures and facial expression. Originally, pottery figurines and ceramic horses all have colored drawing on their bodies. However, most of the colored drawing flaked away or changed because of burning in fire and dipping in water.
Besides, weapons made of copper like swords, spears, halberds, scimitars have been unearthed. Though buried in the earth for over 2000 years, their blades are still sharp and glisten, which is regarded to be a miracle in the history of metallurgy.
Terracotta Army arrays are three lines facing to the east. In each line, there are 70 warrior figures and 210 warrior figures altogether, looking like the forefront of the battle arrays. Infantrymen and war chariots are behind them. There are 38 columns and every column is about 180 meters long which look like the body of the battle arrays. Moreover, there are two lines facing the south and the north at each side. In each line there are 180 warrior figures, looking like two wings of the battle arrays. In the western side, there is a troop of warrior figures facing the west. They seem like the fullback of battle arrays. Some of the warrior figures are wearing coat armors while some of them are armed with a coat of mail, holding bronze weapons in their hands.
These troops are well-organized and solemn. There are scores of horses whinny while perking. All these make the army troop in the state of being ready to set out. This majestic and powerful battle arrays has reproduced the military exploit and military prestige of Qing Shihang, the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty (B.C.221- 206), as well as his great undertaking of making China a unified country.
The museum of Terracotta Army
The museum of Terracotta Army was built on the site of the terra cotta warriors and horses pits in the Emperor Qin's Mausoleum. It covers an area of 190,000 square meters, situated at the northern piedmont of Lishan Mountain, 7.5 kilometers east of Lingtong County in Shaanxi Province and 37.5 kilometers west of Xi'an City.
The museum, a hangar-like building constructed over Pit 1, was opened to the public in 1979. There are three main buildings of the museum named Pit 1, Pit 2 and Pit 3. It is said that he museum of Terracotta Army is not only a treasure house, but also a main scenic spot of Xi'an city. It is a really splendid place for touring.
The best time for visiting: April to June; September to October.
Traffic: you can take No.306, 307 buses and get off at the Terracotta Army Museum stop.
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Highlights: The Forbidden City, Short Hutong Tour in Xicheng District, The Mutianyu Great Wall, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace